Kennel cough, or Bordetella, is a common highly infectious upper respiratory condition in dogs. It’s an infection that can be caused by number of species, and unvaccinated dogs can contract it after coming in contact with dogs that have a variety of illnesses. Distemper, parainfluenza, reovirus, and of course, bordetella bronchiseptica can all contribute to kennel cough. Since kennel cough results in a lot of coughing, dogs that are infected quickly transmit the disease by spitting air and saliva in the direction of other dogs. The infection can live on water dishes or dog toys for days.
Symptoms & Signs
A sudden onset of serious cough is usually observed, which is generally non-existent, but can become existent if pneumonia develops. Cough is usually a honking cough that can also be caused by massaging the throat. Gagging, retching, sneezing, and nasal discharge can also be seen. Cough can also be aggravated by exercise, anticipation, or collar pressure on the throat.
Ongoing infection with kennel cough can lead to pneumonia, so if the dog shows any symptoms of rapid coughing, lethargy, and anorexia, the vet should be seen immediately.
How is Kennel Cough treated?
This depends on how severe kennel cough is:
- If your dog is bright and healthy and has mild problems, time and TLC will be all that is needed.
- If your dog has more serious symptoms, the vet will prescribe medicine to help with inflammation of the throat, and sometimes to the cough itself.
- Dogs with pneumonia will usually need more intensive care and may also need to remain in the hospital for intravenous fluids and treatment. Oxygen therapy may also be required.
How do you prevent Kennel Cough in dogs?
Protection against Bordatella bronchaseptica can be treated with an intranasal vaccine. Protection will occur 4-5 days after administration and last for approximately 12 months.
It’s usually a good idea to give it on balance, but if your pet’s head is cautious, it can be difficult to administer. It can also not offer maximum security, but can significantly reduce the frequency of the symptoms if they come into contact with the disease.
If you want additional information, please feel free to contact us.